Chengdu, the capital of China’s southwest Sichuan Province, is famed for being the home of cute giant pandas. Located in the west of Sichuan Basin and in the center of Chengdu Plain, the city covers a total area of 12.3 thousand square kilometres (4,749 square miles) with a population of over 11 million.
Thousands of years ago, the emperor of the ancient Shu Kingdom established his capital in the center of Sichuan plain and named it Chengdu. Nowadays, Chengdu is the capital of Sichuan Province, which is 1.24 thousand square kilometers in size and has a population of 11 million. It is seen the hub of technology, commerce, trade, finance and transportation in southwestern China and it is associated with many descriptions, such as “Ancient Shu Culture”, “Sichuan Scenery”, “Culture of Three Kingdoms”, “Panda Protection”, “Chengdu Delicacies” by visitors from all over the world.
Benefiting from Dujiangyan Irrigation Project which was constructed in 256 B.C., Sichuan Province is reputed as the Heavenly State, Tian Fu Zhi Guo in Chinese, literally a place richly endowed with natural resources. Chengdu, as the capital, is extremely productive. The Min and Tuo Rivers, two branches of the Yangtze River, connected to 40 other rivers, supply an irrigation area of more than 700 square kilometres (270.27 square miles) with 150-180 million kilowatts of water. Consisting of abundant mineral resources, the land is extremely fertile.